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Jordan Democractic Audit

Copyright

Reluctant Liberalisation: A Democratic Audit of Jordan, 1989-2019 Adli Hawwari 2020 First published in the United Kingdom 2019 by Ud al-Nad Ltd Copyright © Adli Hawwari, 2020 All rights reserved Printed in the United Kingdom Adli Hawwari has asserted his right under the Copy, Design and Patents Act 1988 to be identified as the author

Jordan Democractic Audit

Table of Contents

Preface Introduction Jordan: History and Political System Assessment: 1989-2010 1. Citizenship, Law and Rights 1.1: Nationhood and Citizenship 1.2: Rule of Law and Access to Justice 1.3: Civil and Political Rights 1.4: Economic and Social Rights 2. Representative and Accountable Government 2.1 Free and Fair Elections 2.2 Democratic Role of Political Parties 2.3 Effective and

Jordan Democractic Audit

Acronyms and List of Interviews

Acronyms and Abbreviations ACC = Anti-Corruption Commission in Jordan AFP = Agence France-Presse (French News Agency) AI = Amnesty International AVC = Audio-Visual Commission in Jordan CDFJ = Centre for Defending Freedom of Journalists in Jordan CEDAW = Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women CSO = Civil Society Organisation CSS

Jordan Democractic Audit

Preface

On 8 November 2019, Jordan marked the thirtieth anniversary of what was hoped to be a transformation of the country’s political system into a democratic one. The initial stage was promising and produced an assertive House of Deputies (HoD). Thirty years later, the governments in Jordan are still formed and dismissed at the discretion of

Jordan Democractic Audit

Introduction

A democratic audit, as defined by Beetham (1994, p. 25), ‘is the simple but ambitious project of assessing the state of democracy in a single country’. It is accurate to suggest that it is ‘ambitious’; it is not simple. My democratic audit is based on two questionnaires: a short one for macro-analysis, and a long

Jordan Democractic Audit

Assessment: 1989-2010, Citizenship, Law and Rights

In this chapter, I present, analyse, and discuss the data gathered through two questionnaires referred to previously. I follow the order and headings of categories and subcategories used in the long questionnaire. I begin with the short questionnaire (the macro-analysis). I then refer to the same issues in the corresponding overarching questions in the long

Jordan Democractic Audit

Representative and Accountable Government

In this chapter, I present, analyse, and discuss the data pertaining to the second category in the democratic audit: representative and accountable government. It has six subcategories: free and fair elections; democratic role of political parties; government effectiveness and accountability; democratic effectiveness of parliament; civilian control of the military and police; and integrity in public

Jordan Democractic Audit

Civil Society and Popular Participation

In this chapter, I continue the presentation and discussion of the data of the democratic audit. This chapter deals with the third major category: civil society and popular participation. It asks questions in three areas: the media in a democratic society; political participation; and decentralization. As in the previous chapter, the overarching question is stated;

Jordan Democractic Audit

Democracy Beyond the State

This is the fourth and final major category in the democratic audit. It examines the external influences on democracy in Jordan as well as Jordan’s influence abroad in support of democracy in other countries. 4.1 External Influences on Jordan The overarching question (Q14S, Q85L) asks: ‘Is the impact of external influences broadly supportive of the

Jordan Democractic Audit

Detailed Assessment: 1989-2010

This chapter widens the scope of the assessment by examining more of the data collected in the long questionnaire, which has ninety questions. I propose to cover two questions from each subcategory: the questions with the highest and lowest means. If there is a tie, I include the questions which tie. Consequently, more than thirty

Jordan Democractic Audit

Representative & Accountable Government

This part of the long questionnaire consists of six subcategories: free and fair elections (2.1); the democratic role of political parties (2.2); effective and responsive government (2.3); the democratic effectiveness of parliament (2.4); civilian control of the military and police (2.5); and integrity in public life (2.6). 2.1: Free and Fair Elections This subcategory has

Jordan Democractic Audit

Civil Society & Popular Participation

This part of the long questionnaire consists of three subcategories: the media in a democratic society (3.1); political participation (3.2); decentralization (3.3). 3.1: Media in a Democratic Society This subcategory has six questions. The highest mean, 4.5, belongs to question 3.1.5: ‘How free are private citizens from intrusion and harassment by the media?’ The marks

Jordan Democractic Audit

Democracy Beyond the State

This part of the long questionnaire consists of two subcategories: external influences on the country’s democracy (4.1); and the country’s democratic impact abroad (4.2). 4.1: External Influences This subcategory has four questions. The highest mean, 4.3, is shared by two questions. The first is 4.1.2: ‘How equitable is the degree of influence exercised by the

Democracy & Islami/sm

Copyright

Controlled Democratisation: Democracy and Islam in Jordan, 1989-2019 A Critical Reexamination of the Incompatibility Paradigm Adli Hawwari 2020 First published in the United Kingdom 2020 by Ud al-Nad Ltd Copyright © Adli Hawwari, 2020 All rights reserved Printed in the United Kingdom Adli Hawwari has asserted his right under the Copy, Design and Patents Act

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